A nutrient needed to build bones and teeth and to maintain bones. This mineral also plays a role in
regulating body processes such as blood clotting, muscle contraction and relaxation, and the body's ability to respond to
stimuli. Helps protect against high blood pressure.
Units used to measure energy. Calories are units of measure for both the energy supplied by food and
the energy used by the body for physical activity and normal body functions.
A nutrient that supplies energy to the body. Sugar, starch, and fiber are all forms of carbohydrate.
Carbohydrate supplies 4 Calories per gram.
A waxy substance that helps transmit nerve impulses throughout the body, helps the liver absorb fats.
A nutrient that supplies energy and essential fatty acids, and serves as a carrier of the fat-soluble vitamins
A, D, E, and K. Fats are either saturated or unsaturated. Fat supplies 9 Calories per gram.
The non-digestible portion of food that helps maintain regularity and keeps the digestive tract healthy.
Some types of fiber may help prevent cancer and lower blood cholesterol.
A nutrient that is an important part of hemoglobin in the red blood cells. This mineral is also needed
for the use of energy in the cells and for resistance to infection.
A nutrient necessary for carbohydrate utilization, fat synthesis, and cell respiration. This vitamin
also helps maintain healthy skin, the nervous system, and the digestive tract.